Sharon Raymond

Female Genital Mutilation


A handbook for professionals working in health, education, social care and the police

This handbook for staff in health, education, social care, and the police force addresses Female Genital Mutilation in an informative and accessible way.



Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a healthcare and safeguarding issue that is currently high up on the government’s agenda and a major priority for NHS England.

With concerning gaps in knowledge in the field of female genital mutilation among healthcare professionals, this handbook aims to address these including diagnosis, implications and management of FGM cases, particularly in relation to national guidance, legal aspects, safeguarding issues and resources, including support groups.

Professionals within the social care sector are required to undertake Continuous Professional Development (CPD) by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). Those who use this resource will be able to gain CPD points.



This handbook is aimed at professionals across health, education, social care, police and those working in the third sector, especially those working with children and young people.


ISBN: 9781910366417
Publisher: Pavilion Publishing and Media
Publication: 14 October 2015

Part One: An introduction to FGM

  • Terminology
  • Types of FGM
  • How it is carried out
  • Physical and psychological complications
  • Demographics, motives and prevalence
  • Collecting data in the UK

Part Two: FGM and the law

  • The law abroad
  • UK legislation
  • Challenges posed by the legislation
  • The Serious Crime Act (2015)

Part Three: Risk assessment, management and safeguarding

  • Risk factors and indicators that FGM is planned
  • Consultation skills and tips
  • The 4Cs risk assessment tool
  • Department of Health risk assessment tool
  • Management of FGM
  • Safeguarding
  • Information sharing and confidentiality
  • Further resources
  • Specialist services
  • Organisations
  • Helplines
  • Reference materials, books and guidance


Dr Sharon Raymond is the named GP for safeguarding children in Croydon. Sharon is also medical lead for NW London primary care out of hours service and safeguarding subject matter expert for Care UK. She runs ‘Safeguarding Updates’ delivering training on safeguarding children and adults to clinicians across England.


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